Geographically, the Patagonia is found on the southern cone
of South America, covering vast regions of Chile and Argentina.
Within these enormous limits, at least five different and
clearly defined eco-regions can be observed:
1- The Patagonian Scrubland:
in northern Patagonia, it is known for its bushy vegetation
in arid scrubland.
2- The Patagonian Atlantic
covers the continental platform and its narrow coastline strip
along the coast which is mostly bordered by cliffs that
stretch for over 3000 kms. A warm current from Brazil
encounters a cold current from the south, which provides the
environment for an extremely rich variety of marine fauna
throughout the whole region.
3- The Patagonian Andean Forests
cover only a strip of no more than 80 kms, parallel to the
Andean Mountain Range, on its eastern and western sides. These
forests are humid rainforests and temperate-cool forests.
4- The High Andean Region
consists of scrub covered steppes in the high mountain
5- The Patagonian Steppe is
the most archetypal eco-region of Eastern Patagonia
(Argentina), covering its plateaus almost completely along
approximately a third of the entire Patagonian territory.
This diversity of eco-regions provides the basis for
extremely rich flora and fauna. Thus there are endemic
species (that are only found in one particular place on the
planet) and species that are transformed into Patagonian